In today”s time many kinds of diseases are spreading and growing in every nook and crook in this world. We only know about few kinds of diseases but not much about all of the others. So getting to know and stay aware is very important to us. Celiac disease is one of such diseases about whom people don”t know much even they get misleaded by getting into the confusion of a disturbed digestion and an irritable bowl. In this post we will find out the deep down info e.g. it’s symptoms, reasons, precautions, diagnosis etc.
What is Celiac Disease?
Celiac disease, sometimes called celiac spruce is a serious autoimmune disease that occurs in genetically inclined people where the consumption of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine. It is estimated to affect 1 in 100 people worldwide. Two and one-half million Americans are undiagnosed and are at risk for long-term health complications.
When people with celiac eat gluten (a protein found in wheat, rye and barley), their body triggers an immune response that attacks the small intestine. Over time, these attacks lead to damage small intestine’s lining which is called as villi, and prevents it from absorbing some nutrients from the food. When the villi get damaged, nutrients cannot be absorbed properly into the body. The intestinal damage often causes diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, bloating and anemia and can lead to serious health complications. In children, malabsorption can effect their growth and development.
Celiac disease is genetic, meaning that it runs in families. People with a first-degree relative with celiac disease (parent, child, sibling) have a 1 in 10 risk of developing celiac disease. There’s no cure for celiac disease- but for most people, following a strict gluten free diet can help them to manage symptoms and promote intestinal healing.
Celiac disease can develop at any age after people start eating foods or medicines that contain gluten.
The sign and symptoms of this disease can vary greatly in person to person and differ in children and adults.
digestion related signs and symptoms for adults include:
➢ Weight loss
➢ Bloating and gas
➢ Abdominal pain
➢ Nausea and vomiting
However, more than the half of the adults with such disease have signs and symptoms which are unrelated to the digestive system. These signs are:
- Anemia, due to iron deficiency
- Loss of bone density (osteoporosis) or softening of bones (osteomalacia)
- Itchy blistery skin rash
- Mouth ulcers
- Headaches and fatigues
- Numbness and tingling sensation in the feet and hands
- Joint pain
Children with such disease are more likely than adults have digestive problems, like:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Chronic diarrea
- Swollen belly
- Pale foul-smelling stool
The inability to absorb nutrients might result in:-
- Failure to thrive for infants
- Damage to tooth enamel
- Weight loss
- Short stature
- Delayed puberty
This disease may cause dermatitis herpetiformis, a type of itchy, blistering skin rash that can occur on the elbows, knees or buttocks. The rash usually occurs on the elbows, knees, torso, scalp and buttocks.
When to see a doctor
Consult your doctor if you have diarrhea or digestive discomfort that lasts for more than two weeks. Consult your child’s doctor if your child is pale, irritable or failing to grow or has a potbelly and foul-smelling, bulky stools.
Be sure to consult your doctor before trying a gluten-free diet. If you stop or even reduce the amount of gluten you eat before you’re tested for celiac disease, you can change the test results.
Celiac disease tends to run in families. If someone in your family has the condition, ask your doctor if you should be tested. Also ask your doctor about testing if you or someone in your family has a risk factor for celiac disease, such as type 1 diabetes.
Gluten intolerance tends to be more common in people who have:
- A family member with such disease or dermatitis herpetiformis
- Type 1 diabetes
- Down syndrome or Turner syndrome
- Autoimmune thyroid disease
- Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic or collagenous colitis)
- Addison’s diseas
Untreated, celiac disease can cause:
- Malnutrition:-This occurs if your small intestine can’t absorb enough nutrients. Malnutrition can lead to anemia and weight loss. In children, malnutrition can cause slow growth and short stature.
- Bone weakening:- Mal absorption of calcium and vitamin D can lead to a softening of the bone (osteomalacia or rickets) in children and a loss of bone density (osteopenia or osteoporosis) in adults.
- Infertility and miscarriage:- Mal absorption of calcium and vitamin D can contribute to reproductive issues.
- Lactose intolerance:- Damage to your small intestine might cause you abdominal pain and diarrhea after eating or drinking dairy products that contain lactose. Once your intestine has healed, you might be able to tolerate dairy products again.
- Cancer:- People with celiac disease who don’t maintain a gluten-free diet have a greater risk of developing several forms of cancer, including intestinal lymphoma and small bowel cancer.
Non responsive celiac disease
Some people with this disease don’t respond to what they consider to be a gluten-free diet. The condtion of Non responsive celiac disease is often to occur due to cross-contamination of the diet with gluten. Working with a dietitian can help you to learn how to avoid all gluten from your food and how to avoid or get to know about the cross-contaminated eatables and food items. By the help of a dietitian you can learn to read and understand the food labeling.
People with non responsive celiac disease might have:
- Bacteria in the small intestine (bacterial overgrowth)
- Microscopic colitis
- Poor pancreas function (pancreatic insufficiency)
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Difficulty digesting sugar found in dairy products (lactose), table sugar (sucrose), or a type of sugar found in honey and fruits (fructose).
Refractory celiac disease
In rare instances, the intestinal injury of celiac disease doesn’t respond to a strict gluten-free diet. This is known as refractory celiac disease. If you still have signs and symptoms after following a gluten-free diet for six months to one year, you might need further testing and detection to look for other explanations for your symptoms.
How to manage Symptoms of Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is a lifelong condition that has no cure. However, people with this condition can manage their symptoms effectively by following a strict gluten-free diet.
This means such patients should have to avoid each and every food products which contains wheat, barley, rye.
even those all foods that may have been cross-contaminated, such as oats, unless they are labeled as gluten-free.
What to eat and what not to eat
So for a patient of this disease there is always a very hard and confusing situation about what he/she should eat and what kind of eating items they should have to avoid to live a healthy yet problem free life.So here are two lists of such food items from which few are meant to be avoided and rest are meant to be safe to eat.
Foods to Avoid
Here are few other foods you should avoid unless they are specifically labeled as gluten-free:
Foods to Eat
Fortunately, there are plenty of nutritious and naturally gluten-free foods out there. So here are some foods that can be included in a healthy gluten-free life:
- Meat, poultry and sea food
- Dairy Products
- Healthy Fats
- Herbs and Spices
- Gluten-free grains, such as Quina, Rice, Buckwheat and Millet.
Now a days in India, there are many brands and E-commerce sites which are selling and providing many gluten-free food products and condiments from where you can easily select and purchase eatables for yourself.
Few sites, stores and manufacturers are giving the ease to get and buy these products as per your need and requirements.
The Bottom Line
Celiac disease is a serious condition in which the immune system attacks the small intestine in response to eating gluten in any way.
If it lefts untreated or if we don’t give a prior attention towards its early symptoms then it can result in many adverse side effects.
If you suspect that you have celiac disease then speak with your doctor about getting tested . Always stay in touch to get more and updated info about it.
So stay updated and live a healthy and happy life.